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论著:上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙龋病调查分析
Epidemiology of Dental Caries in Permanent Teeth among 12 Year Old Students in Jinshan District of Shanghai
张晓颖 伍平群 沈国荣
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作者单位:复旦大学附属金山医院口腔科
中文关键字:龋病;学生;流行病学
英文关键字:Dental caries; Students; Epidemiology
中文摘要:目的:了解上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙龋病的患病情况及其影响因素。方法:2010年对金山区27所中学的4 052例12岁学生进行全口恒牙牙冠龋病情况检查,并进行问卷调查。问卷内容包括人口统计学资料、口腔卫生习惯和饮食习惯等。结果:上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙患龋率、龋均、龋齿充填率分别为30.16%、0.46和43.55%,显著性龋均指数(significant caries index,SiC)为1.61。女性学生、日刷牙频率小于2次、喜欢吃甜食、睡前吃零食者患龋率较高。结论:上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙龋患呈两级化分布,应进一步完善高危人群的龋病预防保健措施。
英文摘要:Objective: To investigate the incidence and the risk factors of dental caries in permanent teeth among 12 year old students in Jinshan district of Shanghai. Methods: A total of 4 052 students aged 12 in 27 middle schools in Jinshan district have been enrolled.All of them were examined for dental caries in permanent teeth.They also received a questionnaire survey, which included demographics data, oral health behaviors, dietary habits, etc. Results: The prevalence rate of dental caries was 30.16% for permanent teeth among 12 year old students in Jinshan district of Shanghai.The mean of decayed,missing and filled tooth(DMFT), significant caries index(SiC) and filling rate were 0.46, 1.61 and 43.55% ,respectively.The prevalence rate of dental caries was higher in females than in males.Those students who brushed tooth less than twice per day and who enjoy sweet food and bedtime snack were at high risk for dental caries. Conclusions: The incidence of dental caries among 12 year old students in Jinshan district of Shanghai showed a polarized distribution.It is important to take measures to prevent dental caries in high risk population.
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